Design smells

Resource link: https://flylib.com/books/en/4.444.1.47/1/

This week I decided I wanted to learn more about the different design smells. I think it’s important to learn about the design smells so that you can know to look out for them when working on a project yourself. This is because accidently implementing one of the design smells into your code could lead to a lot of difficulty and frustration if you ever need to make changes later.

The resource breaks down into sections, each describing a different design smell. The first one is rigidity. Rigidity is described as when code is difficult to make even small changes in. This is bad because most often frequently code will need to be modified or changed, and if it’s difficult to even make small changes such as bug fixes, then that’s a very large issue that must be addressed.

The next design smell is fragility. Fragility is almost similar to rigidity in that it makes it difficult to make changes to code, but with fragility it is difficult because the code has a tendency to break when changes are made, whereas with rigidity things don’t necessarily break, but it is designed in such a way to where changes are very difficult to make.

Next, immobility is the design smell where a piece of code is immobile because it could be used elsewhere, but the effort involved in moving the code to where it could be useful is too hard for it to be practical. This is an issue because it means that instead of being able to reuse a piece of code, you must write completely new code.

Next, viscosity is the design smell where changes to code could be made in a variety of different ways. This is an issue because it means that time might be wasted deciding on what implementation of a change should be made.

The next design smell is needless complexity. Needless complexity is usually when code is added in anticipation of a change that might need to be made in the future. This could lead to bloated code that has many features that aren’t needed or aren’t being used. It is best to add code only when it’s needed to avoid this, and to reduce the overall complexity.

Next, needless repetition is the design smell where sections of code are repeated over and over, rather than being abstracted. This leads to code being hard to change or modify because it must be changed in many different locations, instead of just one if it were abstracted.

Finally, opacity is the design smell where code is written in a way that’s hard, or difficult to understand. A piece of code could be considered opaque for a number of reasons, but in general it is when code that is understandable to one person might not be understandable to others. To avoid this, code should be written in a clear and concise manner that is easy to trace and understand.

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